What fructarians don’t eat
Fructarians in principle don’t eat (c.q. drink):
– Animal milk
– Vital parts of plants
– Sprouted seeds
– Sugar (certain kinds)
– Liquorice (confectionery)
– Edible mushrooms
No (edible parts of) animals, so no meat, no fish, no poultry, no insects, no molluscs (like slugs/escargot), no shellfish (like mussels), no crustaceans (like shrimps).
and foodproducts that are made out of that liquor (cheese, milkshakes, yogurt, butter, icecream, milkchoclate, pudding, whipped cream, etc.), or contain it one way or another (for instance whey protein).
and foodproducts in which they are processed, like many kinds of bakery and most kinds of mayonaise.
Vital parts of plants
In other words vegetables, that in fact are the root(s), the stem, the leafs, the flower bud, or bulbs of a plant.
So no broccoli, cauliflower, globe artichokes, kale, collard greens, spinach, arugula, beet greens, bok choy, chard, choi sum, turnip greens, endive, lettuce, mustard greens, watercress, garlic chives, gai lan Brussels sprouts Kohlrabi, galangal, and celery, rhubarb, cardoon, Chinese celery carrots, parsnips beets, radishes, rutabagas, turnips, andonions, shallots, garlic)
Still, as far as concerns stem- and root tubers there are possibilities to eat them without really harming a living plant. For as long as they’re not sprouted yet, they can be compared with seeds of a plant: they are containing potential new life, but are no beginning new life.
So if they can be taken out of the ground (for instance by hand) without harming the motherplant to which they are attached with only a very thin wire like root, than this can be regarded as not against the principle of fruitarianism.
Furthermore some plants have edible or even rawly very well edible roots, that in principle stay behind in the ground, when the leafs have died off naturally after one or two years. In case those roots (like carrots or beets) have stayed intact (not rotten, nor gnawed by ground animals), they can be taken out of the ground and eaten, without a harming a living plant in any way.
In that sense these roots in a way are comparable with fruits.
A fact is however, that not many people have the opportunity to grow these plants themselves, so that they could decide themselves , when the roots are harvested.
And another fact is, that when one buys this kind of edible roots in a store, one must assume, that they are not harvested after the leafs (and so the plant) died off naturally.
(For a list of edible roots and tuberous vegetables see: http:// )
From the moment on a seed (e.g. a grain kernel) starts sprouting, to fruitarians this means that it has become a developing new living plant, so that their principle to also respect life of plants is applying here as well.
A consequence of this is that they also don’t drink beer, as far as this is made out of among others sprouted corns of barley or other kinds of grains.
It is said by the way that there are or have been some fruitarians who in this respect feel (felt) they shouldn’t any seeds at all, as seeds in principle are all future new plants, so that they don’t want to prevent them from becoming one by eating them. Confronted with this fact as well as the one that often non fructarians point out this fact, some five or six years ago the author of this site pointed out that the essential difference between seeds and sprouting seeds is that seeds are (only) potential new life, whereas sprouting seeds are emerging new life.
As in the production of yeast mostly sugercane or suger beets are an essential element and both are plants that have to be mutilated resp. killed for that purpose, fructarians in principle don’t eat bakery products that contain yeast.
As far as made out of sugar beets or out of sugar cane, and foodproducts in which this kind of sugar is processed.
Due to the fact that these two plants contain significantly more sugars (in this case sacharose) than for instance fruit, most kinds of sugar are made out of them. Nevertheless fruit sugar is also rather generally available.
and other sweets or foodproducts in which the menthol containing oil from the (leafs of the) peppermint plant is processed; (a.o. tea, chewing gum and ice cream).
as a main ingredient of liquorice is an extract of the roots of the liquorice plant, and this plant is either killed, or at least mutilated (in case after cutting off part of the roots it is planted back), fruitarianism rejects consumption of any of the many varieties of sweets, that are flavoured with this plant extract.
Although mushrooms are not plants (but fungi), they have so much in common with plants, that Fruitarianism doesn’t see a reason not to treat them equally respectfull as plants.
So no champignon mushrooms, no oyster mushrooms, no chanterelles, no truffles, etc., etc..
that are made out of the roots, the bark, the flower buts, or another vital part of plants. Such as Ginger, Turmeric, Cinnamon, Clove, and Saffron.
(Of course spices that are (made out off) dried seeds or other fruits, (for instance Fennel, Mustard and Black pepper), are not rejected by Fructism).
Cinnamon is obtained from the inner bark of several trees from the genus Cinnamomum.
Herbs, like spices used for flacouring food, are or are made out of the leafs of certain plants. Therefore fruitarians don’t use among others Thyme, Lavender, Parsley, Basil, Rosemary, Bay laurel, Dill and Coriander.
Left the basil plant in its developmental stage where its leafs are picked for use as a herb;
right the same kind of plant in case it can develope further unharmed and like here reach its flowering stage.
Especcially the most common kinds of tea are dried leafs of the tea plant or another plant. So Fruitarians in principle don’t drink the liquor, that is made by combining some of these dried leafs with hot, just boiled water.
(Other drinks in which vital parts of plants use to be processed are Coke, and fruitdrinks artificcially sweetened with beet- or cane sugar).
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© Copyright Nicolas Pleumekers (Nature Protection Foundation)